1529 – 29 February 1600.
Was a German Lutheran pastor, historian and cartographer.Hennenberger was born in a Franconian place given as Erlich (Erlichhausen?) and started to study Lutheran divinity at the University of Königsberg in 1550. In 1554 he began to work at the congregation of Georgenau and in Domnau. Probably in 1561 he moved to Mühlhausen, where he worked as a Lutheran Pastor for the next 29 years.With the patronage of Duke Albert of Prussia Hennenberger published the first detailed map of Prussia in 1576, the book "Kurze und wahrhaftige Beschreibung des Landes zu Preussen" (short and truthful description of the land Prussia) in 1584 and "Erklärung der preußischen größeren Landtafeln oder Mappen" (explanation of the larger Prussian maps) in 1594.In 1590 Hennenberger became the Pastor of the Large Hospital at Königsberg-Löbenicht, where he died in 1600. He was buried in the Hospital's Church.
Kurze und wahrhaftige Beschreibung des Landes zu Preussen.Erklärung der preußischen größeren Landtafeln oder Mappen.
Författade följande två skrifter 1818 respektive 1823.Beskrifning öfwer Hardemo socken uti Nerike. En af Örebro läns kongl. hushållningssällskap med högsta priset år 1814 belönt skrift. Af Gustaf Bernhardt. Med en charta. Strengnäs, tryckt hos Carl Erik Ekmarck, 1818. Beskrifning öfwer Björkwik socken i Södermanland. På begäran författad och utgifwen af G.B. Med en charta. Nyköping, tryckt hos P.E. Winge, 1823. På desz förlag.På en karta utgiven över Färentuna härad 1853 står "Skrift af I. Bernhardt", detta kan vara samme Bernhardt som ovanstående.
Beskrifning öfwer Hardemo socken uti Nerike. En af Örebro läns kongl. hushållningssällskap med högsta priset år 1814 belönt skrift. Af Gustaf Bernhardt. Med en charta. Strengnäs, tryckt hos Carl Erik Ekmarck, 1818. Beskrifning öfwer Björkwik socken i Södermanland. På begäran författad och utgifwen af G.B. Med en charta. Nyköping, tryckt hos P.E. Winge, 1823. På desz förlag.
Engelsk kopparstickare i slutet av 1600-talet. Han graverade kartor för atlaser och geografiska verk, av vilka kan nämnas J. Sellers "Atlas maritimus", ett flertal utgåvor från ca. 1670, J. Speeds "The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain" (1676), Richard Blomes "Cosmography" (1682 och W. Pettys "A geographical Description of ye Kingdom of Ireland" (1689). Den sistnämnda var han även, tillsammans med J. Seller (se denne), förläggare för.
Atlas maritimus.The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain.Cosmography.A geographical Description of ye Kingdom of Ireland.
Ph. - Tooley.
Ingermanlandiae – Homanns Erben 1734
Ryssland. - Blaeu 1647.
Biografiska uppgifter:(1812–1879) was a British born American artist working in watercolor, gouache, lithography, and engraving.
Hill's work focussed primarily upon natural subjects including landscapes, still lifes, and ornithological and zoological subjects. In the 1850s, influenced by John Ruskin and Hill's association with American followers of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, his attention turned from technical illustration toward still life and landscape. Hill was the son of British aquatint engraver John Hill. He emigrated with his parents from London to the United States in 1819, initially living in Philadelphia. In 1822 the family moved to New York, where Hill apprenticed in aquatint engraving in his father's shop.In 1838 Hill married Catherine Smith - their children included the astronomer George William Hill and the painter John Henry Hill.In watercolor and aquatint engravings, Hill employed a stipple technique, building up planes of softly gradated colors made of tiny brushstrokes–a process commonly seen in painted miniatures. Applied to a larger scale on canvas the result was a form of objective realism in contrast with more common romanticized works of mid-19th century American painting. In 1829, at the age of 17, Hill began exhibiting watercolors and engravings produced in his father's studio at the Brooklyn Art Association and the National Academy of Design. In 1833, at the age of 21, Hill was elected to associate membership in the National Academy of Design.In his early 20s Hill began work for the New York State Geological Survey, first creating a series of topographic studies and overhead views of principle American cities and towns. This work was distinct for its accuracy of arial perspective and recording minute architectural detail. These portraits of urban settlement required frequent travel to observe, sketch, and map before creating finished watercolor studies. The completed watercolors were then recreated as color lithographic art and published by the Smith Brothers, a New York City publisher.Hill's work with the New York State Geological Survey continued later with his illustration of James Ellsworth De Kay's Zoology of New York State, or; The New-York Fauna. Part II, Birds published in 1844. Like John James Audubon's bird portraits, Hill's were painted with an objective eye, documenting accurate anatomy and colors, and capturing the animal's natural countenance.While in his early 40s Hill read John Ruskin's Modern Painters, and became fascinated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. The Pre-Raphaelite movement's combination of realism with increased emotional content appealed to Hill. Hill championed Pre-Raphaelite painting methods in the United States, but was less fascinated with their ideals. in 1863, with art critic Clarence Cook, geologist Clarence King, and architect Russell Sturgis, Hill helped to found the Society for the Advancement of Truth in Art. For the remainder of Hill's life he focussed upon landscapes, mostly of the mountainous areas of New England and New York state. Hill's paintings and engravings are found in the collections of the Brooklyn Museum, the Amon Carter Museum, Fogg Museum, the Hood Museum of Art, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.