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Biografier.

VISSCHER, NICOLAS .

1618-79.
Son till Claes Visscher. Nicolaes was de enige zoon van Claes Jansz.Visscher. Hij werkte al jaren in de zaak van zijn vader en volgde hem na diens dood in 1652 op. In 1677 kreeg Nicolaes, inmiddels een gerespecteerd uitgever, een 15 jarig octrooi van de staten van Holland en West-Friesland voor het drukken en uitgeven van kaarten. Twee jaar later overleed hij en werd begraven in dezelfde kapel als zijn vader. Atlas-uitgaven Van Nicolaes I waren onder andere: "Atlas Contractus Orbis Terrarum" vanaf 1657. Germania Inferior” vanaf 1663. Atlas Minor” vanaf 1675. Visschers atlassen werden vaak naar wens van de kopers samengesteld (de zogenaamde Atlas Contractus). Zij bevatten over het algemeen geen tekst, alleen soms een gedrukte index. Er werden kaarten gebruikt van andere makers, zelfgegraveerde en bewerkte koperplaten van zijn vader. Eén van de hoogtepunten in de zeventiende-eeuwse cartografie is de uit meerdere bladen bestaande wandkaart. Een voorbeeld hiervan -uit 1656- is de kaart van Zeeland: “Zeland
...
Bland arbeten.
Atlas Contractus Orbis Terrarum, vanaf 1657. Germania Inferior, vanaf 1663. Atlas Minor, vanaf 1675.


STRÖM, NILS, adl. STRÖMCRONA.

Född 1664 i Marstrand, död 1740 24/1 i Karlskrona.
Kommendör och lotsdirektör. Tecknare, kartograf och kopparstickare. Son av rådmannen Thorved Nilsson S. och Margareta Mattsdotter. Student i Köpenhamn och i Lund 1686. Lotsdirektör 1697, kommendör 1717. »Idkade som ung kopparstickskonsten» (Eichhorn) och var även flitigt verksam som kartograf. Adlades 1727.
Bland arbeten.
W. VON ROSENFELDT, Navigationen eller styrmans-konsten, Sthlm 1693: hydrografisk karta över Östersjön och Kattegatt med porträttmedaljong av~Hans Wachtmeister, kpst., samt 8 tab. med geometriska figurer, etsn. Landstigningen på Själland 1700, kpst.


Hultmark, 1944.


Langenes, Barent.

fl. 1598-1610.
Langenes was a publisher in Middelburg about whom little is known except that he was probably the author of the text and publisher of the first edition of a very well known miniature atlas, the Caert Thresoor. After an uneasy start - some maps were missing from the first edition - the atlas acquired new life in Amsterdam with a re-written text and eventually with re-engraved maps which prolonged its use and popularity for about half a century.



Ingermanlandiae – Homanns Erben 1734



'Charles Hills Bomulls-Wäfveri & Färgeri i Alingsås.' - Gustaf Pabst 1870-1879.


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KEULEN, JOHANNES van.

Biografiska uppgifter:1653-1715.
In 1680 was given special endorsement from the Dutch state to print and publish sea charts and sailing instructions. The van Keulen family's best-known work is Nieuwe Groote Ligtende Zee-Fakkel a world atlas in five volumes, published by Johannes's son Gerard and subsequently by Gerard's children and grandchildren. As we have noted in other biographies in this chapter, the Dutch produced a remarkable number of enterprising and prolific map and chart makers but not even the Blaeu and Jansson establishments could rival the vigour of the van Keulen family whose business was founded in 1680 and continued under their name until 1823 and in other names until 1885 when it was finally wound up and the stock dispersed at auction. Throughout the history of the family, the widows of several of the van Keulens played a major part, after their husbands' deaths, in maintaining the continuity of the business. The firm was founded by Johannes van Keulen who was registered as a bookseller in Amsterdam in 1678. In 1680 he published the first part of his Zee Atlas which, over the years, was expanded to 5 volumes and continued in one form or another until 1734. More ambitious and with a far longer and more complicated life was his book of sea charts, the Zee-Fakkel, published in 1681-82 which was still being printed round the year 1800. A major influence in the development of the firm was the acquisition in 1693 of the stock of a rival map publisher, Hendrik Doncker. Although the firm was founded by Johannes van Keulen, he was primarily a publisher; it was his son, Gerard, a talented engraver, mathematician, Hydrographer to the East India Company, who became the mainspring of the business which not only published charts but also books on every aspect of geography, navigation and nautical matters. Gerard Hulst van Keulen was a member of the distinguished van Keulen family, which was amongst the most prolific and highly respected families of Dutch cartographers active between about 1680 and 1822. While the family was renowned for its sea-charts and associated material, Gerard's arrival in the family business in 1757, along with his brother Cornelis Buys, heralded a change in direction. More books appeared and there was greater diversification in the cartographic side of the business.
(Sveriges sjökartor – A. Hedin.)

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